KUALA LUMPUR – Malaysia recorded a trade surplus in July 2019 amounting to RM 14.27 billion, up 75.6 per cent from the same month of the previous year and marking the 261st consecutive month of trade surplus since November 1997.
Exports picked up by 1.7 per cent year-on-year (Y-o-Y) to RM 87.96 billion, mainly due to higher exports to Taiwan, the United States (US), China and Singapore, while imports contracted by 5.9 per cent to RM 73.69 billion.
“Total trade was valued at RM 161.65 billion, a decline of 1.9 per cent,” the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) said in a statement.
On a monthly basis, MITI said total trade, exports and imports registered double-digit growth of 14 per cent, 15.5 per cent and 12.3 per cent respectively. The trade surplus rose by 35.8 per cent.
In January-July, total trade stood at RM 1.057 trillion, declining by 1.4 per cent compared to the same period in 2018, with exports slipping 0.4 per cent to RM 569.46 billion and imports easing 2.6 per cent to RM 487.84 billion.
During the period, the trade surplus increased by 15.9 per cent to RM 81.62 billion, said MITI.
Exports of manufactured goods in July 2019, which accounted for 86.1 per cent of total exports, grew by 3.8 per cent to RM 75.7 billion.
“The expansion was contributed mainly by higher exports of electrical and electronics (E&E) products, iron and steel products, processed food, machinery, equipment and parts as well as transport equipment,” said MITI.
Mining goods (7.5 per cent share) were valued at RM 6.6 billion, declining by 11.6 per cent on account of reduced exports of crude petroleum due to lower volume and average unit value (AUV).
Agriculture goods (5.7 per cent share) totalled RM 4.97 billion, down by 9.3 per cent due to lower exports of palm oil and palm oil-based agriculture products, especially palm oil, which recorded a decline of 14.2 per cent to RM 2.59 billion following a lower AUV.
Compared to June 2019, exports of manufactured goods grew by 18.7 per cent, agriculture goods increased 3.2 per cent, but mining goods decreased by 5.2 per cent.
Trade with ASEAN in July 2019, which made up 26.4 per cent of Malaysia’s total trade, decreased by 3.7 per cent Y-o-Y to RM 42.72 billion.
MITI said exports to the region increased by 1.8 per cent to RM 25.16 billion, supported by higher exports of E&E products, machinery, equipment and parts, iron and steel products as well as liquefied natural gas (LNG).
Major markets that recorded expansion were Singapore, which increased by RM 372.9 million due to higher exports of E&E products, Vietnam (RM 191.5 million, manufactures of metal) and the Philippines (RM 247.4 million, petroleum products).
Imports from ASEAN contracted by 10.7 per cent to RM 17.56 billion, said MITI.
In July 2019, trade with China (17.6 per cent share of Malaysia’s total trade) increased marginally by 0.2 per cent Y-o-Y with exports expanding 3.8 per cent to RM 13.34 billion on higher exports of manufactures of metal, petroleum products and LNG.
Imports from the republic declined by 2.8 per cent to RM 15.16 billion.
Total trade with the European Union (EU), which contributed 9.1 per cent to Malaysia’s total trade in July 2019, fell by 6.2 per cent Y-o-Y to RM 14.72 billion.
Exports amounted to RM 8.1 billion, decreasing by 2.8 per cent on account of lower exports of palm oil and palm oil-based agriculture products as well as manufactures of metal, while imports decreased by 10 per cent to RM 6.62 billion.
“Increases in exports were recorded for E&E products, machinery, equipment and parts as well as transport equipment,” said MITI.
Among the top 10 EU markets, which accounted for 90.2 per cent of Malaysia’s total exports to the EU, exports to four countries recorded increases namely Germany (4.0 per cent), the United Kingdom (UK) (13.3 per cent), Belgium (9.8 per cent) and Spain (37.6 per cent).
Trade with the US in July 2019 grew by 4.2 per cent Y-o-Y to RM 14.05 billion, accounting for 8.7 per cent of Malaysia’s total trade with exports growing 7.9 per cent to RM 8.36 billion, buoyed by higher exports of E&E products, wood products, transport equipment as well as manufactures of plastics.
Imports from the US fell 0.8 per cent to RM 5.69 billion.
Trade with Japan in July 2019 decreased 4.1 per cent Y-o-Y to RM 10.52 billion with exports shedding 6.3 per cent to RM 5.2 billion due to lower exports of LNG, petroleum products as well as palm oil-based manufactured products.
Higher exports were registered for crude petroleum, processed food as well as transport equipment.
Imports from Japan decreased by 1.9 per cent to RM 5.32 billion.