KUALA LUMPUR, Nov 17 — Malaysians will go to the polls on Saturday in one of the most unpredictable general elections in the country since independence, with no indication as yet on the coalition that will garner the required numbers on their own to form the next government.
Analysts tracking the 15th general election (GE15) have not ruled out a hung parliament or a multi-coalition government after the election if the respective coalitions fail to achieve the required numbers — at least 112 of the 222 seats in the legislative assembly Dewan Rakyat.
Malaysia’s GE15 is marked by the participation of a record number of candidates — 945 in total. And for the first time, 1.4 million Malaysians above 18 who were automatically registered as voters will also vote, adding to the uncertainty over the outcome as their voting pattern is unknown.
Campaign issues were aplenty, ranging from the daily bread and butter issues, wages, education, social welfare and rising cost of living to the corruption involving politicians, inflation and slow economic growth.
This time around there is another Malay based party — Perikatan Nasional (PN) – that has joined the fray with analysts seeing the party splitting the crucial Malay votes, further eroding the support base for Umno the lynchpin of the Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition.
Candidates for the coveted No.1 job in the country — the prime ministership — is also a key focus of the electorate as the country has seen three prime ministers after the 14th General Election (GE14).
The three prime minister aspirants are incumbent Datuk Seri Ismail Sabri Yaakob for BN, his predecessor and Perikatan Nasional (PN) chairman Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin, and Pakatan Harapan (PH) chairman Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim.
Two-time prime minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad, who is also Gerakan Tanah Air (GTA) coalition chairman, cannot be ruled out from the premiership though he has not provided any indication as yet.
Unlike in GE14 in 2018 where there was a strong undercurrent against the then ruling coalition BN, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia political scientist Jamaie Hamil concurred this time around the outcome of the election is difficult to predict as none of the coalition appear to have an edge over the other.
A hung parliament or multi-coalition government could well be the outcome, he said.
“It is difficult to predict the situation because this time there is no single strong party. It is difficult to predict which party will get a bigger majority,” Jamaie pointed out.
Meanwhile, Senior Lecturer at the Faculty of Leadership and Management of Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM) Sofia Hayati Yusof said this election is largely driven by sentiments on anti-corruption and abuse of power, with calls to reject candidates and leaders with tainted backgrounds.
Some politicians also turned to racial sentiments, she said.
“From the analysis carried out, I can see that the voters rejected all of this; but even though each of these coalitions has its own support base, it is still difficult to anticipate the (GE15) results later,” Sofia Hayati said when contacted by Bernama.
She believed the majority of voters, especially the young generation, would be able to assess how each coalition’s offers can benefit them and the country.
“These three coalitions (BN, PN and PH) have governed the country; although for PH it was not long, but they (PH) have governed in Selangor, Penang and Negeri Sembilan. So it is their experiences that are being observed and analysed by the voters,” added Sofia Hayati.
Jamaie, however, opined that youth voters and first-time voters will be the key factor in deciding which coalition will triumph on November 19.
He believes that most young voters have made their decision on their choice of party based on issues raised, such as corruption and leadership characteristics, that are seen to be indicators of the respective party’s ability to lead Malaysia after the 15th general election.
Jamaie went on to say that the Undi 18 group is a generation that does not feel bound and indebted to any political party and politician, irrespective of how long political party had governed.
“They do not feel indebted to any (political) party, nor are they influenced by parents who support a certain party. They are free to choose which (one party or candidate) they think is appropriate.
“So, young people now are being wooed by the four major political parties because they expect young people to help them,” he told Bernama.
Youth voters, better known as Undi 18, refer to voters in the 18 to 20 age group who are now eligible to vote following a constitutional amendment that lowered the age of voting from 21 to 18 years old on automatic voters registration.
A total of 21,173, 638 registered voters are eligible to vote in the GE15. Of the number, 20,950,366 are ordinary voters, 255,531 are early voters, and 2,741 are absentee voters abroad.
Early voters who comprised armed forces and police personnel together with their spouses had cast their votes on Tuesday.
Besides the Parliamentary election, GE15 will also see the concurrent occurrence of state elections in three states — Perak, Pahang, and Perlis — as well as a by-election for Bugaya, a state constituency in Sabah.